When you click on a word or phrase below, a text box will appear underneath providing a definition. Wherever the following terms appear in the Natural Forest Standard, or the guidance and templates relating to the standard, the meaning of the terms are as follows:
Living biomass above the soil, including the stem, stump, branches, bark, seeds and foliage (consistent with VCS program definitions version 3.5).
Accreditation is the formal, third party recognition of competence to perform specific tasks. It provides a means to identify a proven, competent validation team.
For NFS projects, ANSI (American National Standards Institute), UKAS (United Kingdom Accreditation Services) and ISO 14064 accredited validators are approved to carry out validation of projects against the standard.
Additionality describes the extent to which activities, and resulting outcomes, occur as a consequence of an intervention, such as the resource flows generated from carbon certificates, made possible by the existence of a standard and market for certificates.
A proposed activity is additional if the activity occurs as a consequence of the application of the NFS (Gillenwater 2012). The activity must be taking place as a result of the NFS, and would not have taken place in the baseline situation – defined as the absence of the Standard.
The definition of additionality often seen in other standards – ‘would the activities have taken place in the absence of the project?’ – is not sufficient; the activities of a project are indistinguishable from the existence of the project, so framing the question in this way produces a meaningless answer (Gillenwater 2012)
The quantity of carbon held within a pool, including aboveground biomass, below ground biomass, litter, deadwood and soil, measured in tonnes of CO2 (Consistent with VCS definitions version 3.5).
Commercial operations are distinguished from subsistence extraction or resource use by a combination of legal status, scale and level of mechanisation. Timber extraction is considered commercial when it exhibits any of the following characteristics:
- Conducted by a commercial business;
- Use of heavy machinery for extraction and transport;
- Use of contracted / hired labour;
- Construction of skid-tracks, extraction roads and landings;
- Logs taken to an industrial sawmill.
Major deficiencies are those that pose a serious barrier to meeting the standards and require resolution prior to the project progressing towards registration or credit issuance.
Minor deficiencies are those that raise risks or could, if uncorrected, have a negative effect on the project or its outcomes in terms of quantified carbon, social and biodiversity benefits.
Natural forests can be more or less influenced by culture, e.g. by logging or regeneration techniques, but the forests must not have been subject to regeneration by sowing or planting. Natural forest originates from the original forest cover, i.e. a forest reproduced naturally. Natural forest is thus a forest which has spontaneously generated itself on the location and which consists of naturally immigrant and indigenous tree species and strains (The National Forest and Nature Agency (Skov- og Naturstyrelsen) 1994).
Natural forest might be managed to some degree, or be entirely unmanaged (untouched, non-intervention forest, or a strict forest reserve).
Every piece of forest is directly or indirectly influenced by human activity; either from forestry operations, cutting, planting and drainage, or indirectly by manipulation of the grazing regime, air pollution, hindering the immigration and spreading of natural species and influencing the kind and amount of dominant species in the landscape. As such, to be considered a natural forest, a forest need not be free from human influence.
After an adequate amount of time without intervention, a previously managed or degraded forest can develop some of the basic structures of a virgin forest and be considered a natural forest.
Natural Capital is the collective term for the Earth’s natural assets comprising land, air, water, living organisms and all formations of the Earth’s biosphere that provide us with ecosystem goods and services imperative for human existence survival and well-being.
The resulting certificate representing the verified, permanently avoided emission of one-tonne of CO2 from a Natural Forest Standard project.
A secure platform for issuing, tracking and retiring Natural Capital Credits, that promotes transparency and credibility to the market by ensuring provenance and singularity of credits.
The project benefits are the combined carbon, biodiversity and socioeconomic benefits that are generated from the implementation of the project activities.
The document and annexes containing all material necessary for validation of a proposed project against the NFS.
A PIR is a document that describes how the project has been implemented in accordance with its validated design and delivered net positive benefits to meet the requirements of the NFS.
Incorrect classification of risk (over-estimate) leading to the unnecessary protection and issuance of excess credits for areas of forest at low or no risk.
Incorrect classification of risk (under-estimate) leading to insufficient protection and subsequent loss of forest and associated emissions.
Independent, third-party assessment of a project by a validation/verification body that determines whether a project design complies with the requirements of the Natural Forest Standard.
The periodic ex-post independent, third party assessment by a validation/verification body of the carbon benefits, biodiversity rating, social impacts and management according to the guidance and methods specified in the standard and project documentation.